The liner is made from many parts. The outer part is shaped to fit snugly into the steel shell. The various elements of the suspension system are riveted , later clipped, inside it. The suspension is made from strips of webbing material stretching around and across the inside of the liner. A sweatband is mounted onto these, which is adjusted to fit around the head of the wearer.
The liner chinstrap is snapped or riveted directly to the inside of the liner and does not have bails like the shell chinstrap, but it still swivels inside the helmet. The liner chinstrap is usually seen looped over the brim of the shell and helps to keep the shell in place when its own chinstraps aren't in use. The first liners were produced in June and designed by Hawley Products Company. The original liners degraded quickly in high humidity environments and were eventually replaced by constantly evolving plastic liners.
Louis-based firm at the end of In , the original silver Rayon suspension material was phased out in favor of khaki cotton. These liners differ in that color of the HBT webbing was changed from khaki or Olive Drab 3 to a darker green color known as Olive Drab 7.
M1 helmet liner dating
Much later, liners switched to using stronger synthetic webbing and had improved neck support. In the s, the M1 helmet liner was redesigned, eliminating the leather chin strap, nape strap and a change in the suspension webbing to a pattern resembling an asterisk in a coarse cotton web material in lieu of the earlier herringbone twill. In the early s, materials changed to a thicker, more flexible nylon with a rougher unbeveled rim. Later changes included a move to a yellow and green material for liner construction.
Around late or early , the United States Marine Corps used a cloth camouflage-patterned helmet cover for its helmets. The cover was made from herringbone twill fabric. It had a " forest green " pattern on one side and a "brown coral island" pattern on the other. The United States Army often utilized nets to reduce the helmets' shine when wet and to allow burlap scrim or vegetation to be added for camouflage purposes. Most nets were acquired from British or Canadian Army stocks or cut from larger camouflage nets. The Army did not adopt an official issue net until the M mesh net that included a neoprene foliage band, which would have been retained on later Mitchell and woodland camouflage covers.
After World War II, various styles of camouflage cover were used at different times. In the s through s, the type commonly seen in the United States Army and Marine Corps was a reversible fabric cover called the Mitchell Pattern, with a leafy green pattern on one side and orange cloud pattern on the other.
This type was nearly omnipresent in Vietnam , and where, for the first time, the army wore the cloth camouflage as general issue; whereas in World War II and the Korean War, the army traditionally wore their helmets only with nets, plain without anything on it, or with field-made, non-issue covers without camouflage. In Vietnam, the green portion of the reversible fabric camouflage was normally worn outermost.
Helmet covers in the European woodland camouflage , were designed for fighting in the European Theater of Operations NATO , and became the post-Vietnam jungle pattern camouflage cover used by the U. The European Woodland pattern was not reversible; they were only printed on one side, though some rare desert camouflage examples do exist.
These covers were all constructed from two semi-circular pieces of cloth stitched together to form a dome-like shape conforming to the helmet's shape. They were secured to the helmet by folding their open ends into the steel pot, and then placing the liner inside, trapping the cloth between the pot and the liner. Many of the soldiers had head wounds produced by sharpnel. It was clear that head protection was needed. Since the US did not have a helmet design at the time, it turned towards its allies.
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England stepped forward and provided a large number of helmets to the US troops. This was the birth of the M helmet. Also identified as Doughboy helmet.
How the Military Helmet Evolved From a Hazard to a Bullet Shield
Between the years of and , US companies were producing a series of experimental helmets. We have managed to get a hold of several of these helmets and are featuring them on this page. The year saw the birth of the next generation of American combat helmets. Much of the design for the helmet came from the work of John T Ridell. One of the different aspects of this helmet is that the liner and the helmet shell were two separate pieces which could be used independently.
The last of the American combat helmets, which is currently in use, is known as the Kevlar helmet. Introduced into combat in with the invasion of Granada. The helmet was designed by Phillip Durand and Lawrence Macmanus. The helmet went back to being a single piece. Liner and shell were integrated again. The following information will help the enthusiast identify US Military helmets. It also contains a price guide to establish the value of the helmet. The German helmet has a very distinctive appearance. The model was issued to members of the Imperial German Army as a replacement of the pickelhaube, which did not offer enough protection to the wearer.
After , a simplified buckle was developed to ease construction and conserve brass.
M1 helmet liner dating | Stoneys Rockin Country
The new buckle, stamped out of steel and painted black would remain unchanged for the rest of WWII. The adjustment keeper was placed at the end of the chinstrap to secure the extra webbing after adjustment. The manufacturing processes tabs used were the same as the buckle. On the underside of the buckle were two rounded tabs. These tabs were be replaced by square tabs in These parts are located on the right chin strap. Early adjustment buckles were cast in brass with a distinctive raised bar in the center and finished black. The end cap was used to secure the free end of the chin strap once it had been adjusted to the wearers chin.
In , in order to ease production and save brass, a new blackened steel stamped buckle was approved along with a steel end cap. Late saw the resumption of brass in the production in metal hardware.
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This was the last WWII specification regarding the chin strap assembly. This piece is located on the left chin strap and is used in conjunction with the buckle on the right side to secure the chin strap assembly under the wearers chin. The hook underwent the same material and finish changes as the buckle and securing cap at the same time.
By , new specifications had been adopted which changed how the M1 helmet was produced.
In the early s, a fine sand aggregate was applied to new and refurbished older M1 helmet shells. If the exterior of the helmet feels like fine sand it is not a WWII helmet. This is where some of the confusion lies. The following chin straps are common upgrades that can be found on post-war-modified WWII manufactured helmets. From left to right: A pair of clamped chin straps with male snaps for the parachutist M1 helmet and liner next to a pair of standard infantry chinstrap used from early s to the mids.
The buckle and loop clamps of the initial issue of this chinstrap were painted green. The last issue chin strap was introduced in FM by It clipped on to the helmet loops and incorporated a chin cup previously reserved for the parachutist helmet. To be considered a WWII helmet, the helmet in question must possess all original manufacturing techniques and parts dating from the first approved production models in to the last WWII specifications in